What size of filter do you need for a 10-gallon tank?

Maintaining good water conditions in a small aquarium isn’t easy, especially if you are owning a small aquarium as 10 gallons tank. When deciding on the best filter for a 10 gallons tank, you must weigh multiple aspects including price, efficiency, type of filtration, and one of the most important factors are is the size of the filter.

While you may hear that oversizing your filter is even better for your tank, but it is not really true for all the case. In this post, I would recommend you the best size of filter for your tank.

#1 The flow rate that the filter provides

Choosing the correct size of filter for your tank is vital as it have to large and power enough to the to work efficiently and keep the water clean and well-oxygenated, and it is also should not too power. The key thing to look for is the flow rate that the filter unit provides.

The flow rate of an aquarium filtration unit or you can know as GPH (gallons per hour) is the amount of gallon of water that are go through the filter’s pump and being filtered in one hour. For a 10 gallons aquarium, I recommend that you should use a filtration unit with a GPH of at least four times your aquarium’s capacity. That means it need a filter with a flow rate of at least 40 gallons per hour.

#2 Can you put an oversize filter in a 10 gallons tank?

Yes, you can. In fact, you probably hear that it is better to put a slightly oversize filter in your tank. It is obvious should if you plan on having fish of any size or more than a couple fish in the aquarium at one time.

However, it is should just slightly larger size than being recommended. You might have to be careful of the flow of water as it exits the filter into the aquarium. Forexample, if you use 200 GPH filter for 10 gallons tank. It is pretty easy to make the water flow so quickly and too powerful that the fish cannot swim as normal. They are constantly swept around the tank and your tank’s decorations and gravel even can get pushed out of the way.

In this case, there is a better option that you can choose the filters have a way to adjust the flow that comes out of the filter. But if your filter does not come with this feature, you can construct baffles in your tank. It will allow the water to flow from the filter but reduce its impact upon the aquarium.

What is the best mag fed paintball marker for the money?

Mag fed paintball guns are faster than the hopper fed paintball guns and also offer a more accurate shot. They come in many shapes and sizes and care designed for both long-range and short-range shooting. The feeling of realism, challenge and stimulate are also what make more and more player are attracted by this style of paintball game.

However, the biggest drawback of mag fed paintball marker is that they cost considerably more than the hopper fed paintball guns. If you are looking for the best mag fed paintball marker with budget friendly, keep reading this post.

#1 The average cost of mag fed paintball marker

The mag fed markers are frequently more expensive than the hopper fed guns. But do not worry about the budget too much, there are many many companies making paintball guns today, so the price range is enormous.

If you’ve done any research yet, you will find that there are many kinds of markers, you can easily find under $150 mag fed markers. A pistol set up also the great option if you want to buy a budget friendly unit. However, if you look for a higher level mag-fed rifle, it might take youa bout $300 or more.

Not only that, you also should consider the cost of magazines for the paintball gun you choose, as they can run between $20 and $40 per magazine. You can also expect to spend money on some magazine pouches.

#2 First Strike paintball round

If you want to purchase on the First Strike paintball round as these rounds fly much further, straighter and flatter than traditional round paintballs, you may have to pay considerably more. These rounds can only be used in mag-fed paintball guns that support them.

However, although First Strike rounds are more expensive, it increse the accuracy of the shots that allow you to hit what you are aiming at with just one or two ball. That means you will need fewer shots to take out an opponent, so you’ll go through less paint.

#3 Affordable mag fed paintball marker for biginner

Although best mag fed paintball marker is the one that suits your needs and preference. But if you are just a newbie in this mag fed paintball markers hobby and looking for the cheap unit, I would recommed you Tippmann TMC. It is an amazing entry-level mag fed paintball marker. It is not only affordable but also simple to use for beginner.

But if you do not care much about the price and ready to pay more for the high-quality mag fed paintball gun, then you can consider Planet Eclipse MG100.

Best substrate for bearded dragons: Zilla Reptile Liner vs Hamiledyi Reptile Carpet

The substrate you choose not only have an impact on your cage’s appearance, it is also affecting your bearded dragon’s health and happiness. Therefore, when it comes to setting up a bearded dragon cage, the substrate is absolutely one of the most important factors.

The substrate also determines how much time and effort you have to spend on cleaning the cage.

We will introduce you here to two of the most popular bearded dragons bedding: Zilla Reptile Terrarium Bedding Substrate Liner VS. Hamiledyi Reptile Carpet Natural Coconut Fiber.

Hopefully, this post will help you choose the best substrate for bearded dragons.

#1 Safety material

Safety is a top priority factor when choosing bearded dragon substrate.  Especially, bearded dragons tend to swallow a small amount of bedding in their enclosure. Luckily, both Zilla liner and Hamiledyi Carpet are totally safe with your pets. They will post absolutely no health risk for your bearded dragons.

Zilla liner is a good choice for young and juvenile bearded dragons since it could not be swallowed. This substrate won’t be able to digest. It is also non-abrasive material, which makes it won’t irritate your bearded dragons’ feet.

Hamiledyi Reptile Carpet is made from 100% natural coconut fibers, which is totally healthy and safe. Coconut Fiber is also non-abrasive, creating a comfortable bottom surface for your bearded dragons.

#2 Easy to clean

Bearded dragons require frequent cleaning to remove all the waste and prevent the risk of parasites. Hamiledyi Reptile Carpet is relatively easy to clean since you just need to wash it with cold water and reuse. However, you should not machine-wash it.

Zilla liner is the best choice if you looking for the substrate that requires less effort to clean. It is really tough and can even stand up to scrubbing if needed. Like Hamiledyi, you just need to wash the sheet off with cold water and reuse.

The outstanding point of these two produces that not any other type of substrate can do is the ability of absorbent and odor control tanks to the biodegradable enzymatic coating.

#3 The size

Hamiledyi reptile carpet is measure 19.7 x 11.8 x 0,4 inches. It is very easy to cut, so you can regular the size to fit with your cage size. The advantage of it is that it contains two large sheets so that you won’t need to find the replicate sheet when one is washed.

Zilla Reptile Liner is measure 17,25 x 47,25 inches in the form of a roll that you also can cut to the size fit with your cage. However, it comes with one carpet while you will need more than one carpet for cleaning.

Best Aquarium Air Pumps: Tetra Whisper Air Pump for Deep Water VS. Hydrofarm Active Aqua Air Pump 

An aquarium does not really need air pumps to achieve success, but in order to keep your fish healthy and well-oxygenated, you should combine the best fish tank filters with the best aquarium air pumps.

It is your responsibility to provide the comfort to your fish and the amount of oxygen, which your fish will need as well.

Not only that, but the air pumps also helps replicate the natural habitat for your fish.

But if you have no idea about choosing the best aquarium air pumps, then this post is our two recommend air pumps that you should consider to get: Tetra Whisper Air Pump for Deep Water Applications VS. Hydrofarm Active Aqua Air Pump.

#1 Capability

If you have a large tank, you will need to have stronger or more than one air pumps to meet the tank needs. You should check your tank size rating for the air pump to get the model with proper capability.

However, you also should not get the air pump that is too strong, it definitely can blow your fish in the tank.

Hydrofarm Active Aqua comes in only one size that measures 7″ length x 5.5″ width x 11″ height. However, it offers users for 4 outlet options for your convenience.

From 1 outlet to 8 outlets, you can choose an appropriate capacity model for your aquarium. With the strongest option 8 outlets, 25 liters (6,6 gallons) of water is cycled per minute and 400 gallons per hour.

Tetra Whisper AP series available in two sizes: AP150 can handle for up to 150 gallons and AP 300 can pump gallons of water at 300 gallons.

#2 Efficiency

Tetra Whisper AP series is the UP-listed air pump, which can work well for promoting superior water movement insider the tank even in the deepest area of the tank. It can cause airflow in 8 feet deep. If you own a saltwater aquarium, you can be assured that this air pump still works well in your tank.

Active Aqua offers a pressure control knob on the top of the device, that allows you to control how strongly and the amount of airflow that it pumps into the tank. Although it is little in size, it can pump the water in 3 feet deep of the tank.

#3 Noiseless

Active Aqua includes the multi-level muffler, which will ensure that the device does not make loud and inconvenient noise for users. While Tetra air pump is designed with the rubber feet to stick on the glass of the tank. With this design, the air pump is very good at minimizing sound disturbances.

However, many users complained that after a long time of using, Tetra air pump can still function properly but it becomes noisier.

What Is Powerfull Heating Mat?

Reptiles are cold-blooded animals, due to this, you have to provide them a heat source in order to keep them warm, comfortable and healthy in captivity.

The heating mat is the easiest and most economical way to maintain the proper temperature inside the reptile enclosure.

Heating mat is the emanate heat and placing at the bottom of the tank. In this post, we will go over the factors that make the powerfull heating mat and tips for choosing the right heating mat for your reptiles.

How powerful the heating mat should be?

If you do not know exactly the level of temperature that your reptiles need, it would be best to choose the heating mat that can be able to put out 100 degrees heat.

Each type of reptile will require its own amount of heat. However, almost any animal won’t need more than 100 degrees to keep warm.

The best reptile heating pad with the quantity of heat can reach 100 degrees is ideal to heat up quickly your reptile’s tank but do not overheat and damage your tank.

Besides, you should look for the wattage when choosing the heat mat. Generally, for every 20 gallons of the tank, you should have about 8 watts of power.

Due to that, if your tank is 30-40 gallons, it should be offered 16 watts heating mat.

How large the heating mat should be?

Although your reptiles need to keep warm they also need the cold side in their tank. The heating mat should not cover all the bottom of the tank.

Creating two different sides of temperature in the tank will allow your reptile the change to choose and regulate their own temperature by moving to a cooler area if they are getting too hot.

It is better to buy the heating mat that covers 1/3 the tank floor and should not more than 1/2.

Adhesive or non-adhesive heating mat

Adhesive heating mat will suit your tank if you have identified where to place it and have no intention of changing placement. Stick heating mat also puts out more heat than the non-adhesive ones.

Non-adhesive heating mats will suitable for the reptiles that need less heat such as frogs and crested geckos.

Best Hot Glue Gun For Woodworking Buying Guide

The best hot glue gun is a device that brings convenience and helps you quickly complete your craft project. It is no exception with woodworking.

You will no longer have to melt the glue yourself to complete your project. With the best hot glue gun for woodworking, you will be able to work more flexibly, safely and quickly.

Currently on the market there are many models of glue gun. The choice will become a lot simpler if you consider some of the following factors before buying.

#1 Wattage

Glue gun usually has a capacity of about 120 Watts and this is a number that can ensure a fast working performance. You can also choose a glue gun with a lower capacity if the demand is not large.

You should also choose devices with an on / off switch. Some products without switches will only increase the risk of accidents and consume more electricity.

An on / off switch will also ensure the glue gun has a break to reduce the temperature when not in use. It will also increase the shelf life of the product.

#2 Mini or Industrial Glue Guns

The choice between mini glue gun or industrial glue gun depends on the needs and scale of your craft project.

Mini glue guns often used with small craft projects. Even children can use it for their creative projects.

An industrial glue gun is more suitable for large craft projects. For those who often use a glue gun, this is a suitable option.

And industrial glue guns are also used by many professional craftsmen. This is an equipment that is not possible for woodworking.

#3 Glue gun Stand

A glue gun is safe to have support for glue gun to stand in the break.

This factor will ensure the user does not burn when the glue gun is at rest. It also helps to extend the life of the product.

#4 Cord

The cord of glue gun should have a good length so that the user can use the device flexibly. If the cord is too short, users will not be able to apply glue to the hard to reach places.

How to care for a crested eyelash gecko?

Crested eyelash gecko also knows as crested gecko is one of the most easy-going, docile lizard, crested gecko colors that also come in a wider range of skin patterns. Crested gecko growth in full size when they being around 18 months old. Under proper care, crested gecko lifespan can reach to 15-20 years.

Due to these features, they are the ideal reptile pets for beginners. This article is some crested gecko essentials requirements to help them live a long, happy life.

#1 Set up crested gecko cage

Adult crested geckos require a cage tall at least 20 gallons, but larger is always better. They need lots of space to climbing, so make sure that the crested gecko cage that you have is a vertical terrarium. 2-3 crested geckos will require a cage tall 29 gallons.

#2 Crested gecko substrate

The ideal crested gecko substrate should maintain moisture. A mixture of coconut fiber, peat and soil will work great as bedding. But if you are keeping baby crested geckos, you are recommended to use a paper towel substrate. In the case that your geckos eat substrate, you can use moss.

#3 Crested gecko accessories

Your crested gecko would like to have some plants to climb on and the place for them to hide under. You can provide them fake plants, which do not require soil and lighting.

They prefer to spend most of their time in the cage, so some crested gecko accessories will make it an interesting habitat. The pieces of driftwood or bark will also good accessories for them to play, climb and hide.

#4 Keep the terrarium humid

Crested gecko humidity in the cage always should be maintained by about 60% -80%. Placing the best reptile fogger next to the cage or using a spray bottle to mist the cage once or twice per day to maintain the humidity. Misting at night to provide humidity when your crested geckos are most active

#5 Lighting for Crested Geckos

Crested geckos are nocturnal so they are do not need much amount of UVB light. However, UVB light also brings some health benefits for crested geckos. Therefore, crested gecko lighting still should contain low levels of UVB and a night time bulb to providing some heat to them at night.

What you should/should not feed your crested gecko?

Crested geckos are considered as a good pet for a beginner since they cost less and easy to care for, they also extremely handleable and have their own individual personality.

But even though these animals are easy-going, before bringing them home, you still do your research to ensure that your new pet will have an easy and healthy transition period. And this is always true even with crested gecko food.

What do crested geckos eat?

You should know that crested geckos are omnivores, which meant they can eat both plants and animal-based foods. In the natural environment of New Caledonia, crested geckos prefer to eat a wide variety of fruits and insects.

But in captivity, crested geckos feeding seems to be very easy with some commercial diet. This is the powder food that you can mix with water to create a paste and feed them. This diet also provides complete nutrition to your crested geckos.

In order to ensure enrichment and a balanced diet, most owners still provide plants-based foods and insects for them as a treat.

A little tip is that if you provide an environment with the ideal temperature and humidity from the best reptile fogger, they will be more palatable.

What food crested geckos should avoid?


There is a misconception that baby food is good for crested geckos. However, it is not all the case, baby foods are usually made from pureed fruit. These foods contain a higher level of sugar than the other normal crested gecko foods.


Some kinds of citrus fruits such as orange, lemon, and jackfruit can prevent crested gecko body absorptive the calcium from the diet. So they are not advisable as crested gecko food.


We all know that insects will stimulate hunting instinct of crested gecko. But there is a rule that never feeding them any insects that larger than the gap between their eyes.

Us seed banks

If you want a very high yield of cannabis with high tetrahydrocannabinol content, you need to find quality seeds. Using cannabis has become one of the best moves. If you grow your own cannabis plant, then you will control everything. To find quality hemp seeds, you need a good US seed bank.

The first step in the marijuana planting adventure is to find the marijuana seeds to be planted and the marijuana equipment to be used to grow weeds. Well, cannabis equipment is not a problem because you can always find some. The vital part is finding the best cannabis seeds. If you want to make cannabis a little sneaky, it’s best to start searching online. Well, if you do this, you may find a lot of cannabis seed banks to choose from, and of course, many cannabis strains to study.Here are tips on how to find the best US seed bank to buy cannabis seeds:

#1 Consider the look of your website

It’s easy to find US seed banks. All you need to do is enter “hemp seed bank,” “buy hemp seeds,” or any other key phrase related to the online cannabis seed store, and Google will find it for you. After presenting the results to you, visit each site, and see what each site looks like. Professional? Is it organized? Does the company spend a lot of money on the design of the seed bank and the entire system? These are just some of the questions you should ask yourself. Although it may not seem like much information about the quality of things, this is the first thing you should check. The idea you might want to keep in mind is that a legitimate seed bank should have a professional website. The site should be easy to use and have good customer service. List your candidates.

#2 Read seed bank reviews

This is the second step in finding the best US seed bank. After categorizing your website by its appearance, you can now read reviews created by cannabis review companies or honest reviews from its previous customers. Remember to focus on the list you just created. Focusing on the list can help you save time.

#3 Read the Seed Bank FAQ

The FAQ or “Frequently Asked Questions” page contains some useful information you can use. You can also contact them directly to check if their customer support representative is really willing to help. If the customer support representative does not respond, leave the seed bank.

#4 Compare with other seed banks

Always compare prices, feedback, and everything about the seed bank in the list until you find the best seed bank.

The tips you read above are just some ways to find the best seed bank. There is still much to do. Initially, buying cannabis seeds can be difficult, but over time this will be a piece of cake for you. Finding the best seed bank is just a problem.

Therefore, you should ensure that you only buy seeds from US seed bank, or you may end up wasting your hard-earned money on fake products. On the other hand, seed bank also retains a pseudonym and sells copies of seeds at a higher price.

How much does it take to build a cheap chicken coop?

As soon as you are keeping a flock, you will need to concern about some matters: how to feed them, what is the best food, how to shelter them, etc. And one of the most important factors should be the chicken coop.

Especially when you are limit on budget and plant to have a cheap chicken coop, the matter will be more difficult but it is not impossible if you read the article below.

Build your own

Not everyone can hire a builder or buying a chicken coop in store, this is also much more expensive than building your own. And if you do not have the self-confidence to make it, you can order a kit, which is ready to assemble. This absolutely saves your money. But nothing better than the best chicken coop plan guide.

Size and your chicken’s space requirement

It probably is obvious that the bigger coop will take more money for material than the smaller ones. The size of the coop depends on how many chickens did you have, how big they are, how many rooms you have.

Although the small coop will take less cost, it is necessary to notice on space requirement of chickens. Each chicken should have at least 4 square feet if they are had a space outside to free-range. But if they are confined they will need at least 10 square feet per chicken. Chickens that live in cramped conditions will be formed anti-social behavior.


The best way to save money and build a cheap chicken coop is to repurpose some previous materials. You can build a chicken coop out of reclaimed wood pallets, this material is very low cost. While hardware cloth made of galvanized steel is durable and more secure, but you can also use chicken wire to cover the enclosure, it will much cheaper.


To saving the cost of build chicken coop, you should add only essential furniture such as feeder and source of water. The other things like plants, décor, lighting, human seating, etc need to be summarised, these things will make you more cost to do.